Production of Fresh Water from the Air Russian scientists have developed technology for the extraction of water from the humidity in the atmosph...

Production of Fresh Water from the Air Russian scientists have developed technology for the extraction of water from the humidity in the atmosph...Production of Fresh Water from the Air Russian scientists have developed technology for the extraction of water from the humidity in the atmosphere. In nature, there is a widespread natural process. This process fed mountain streams and rivers. The systems based on this technology allow to get fresh water from atmospheric air by using the natural daily course of temperatures by condensing surfaces. The proposed technology can be operated at no energy cost. Based on the technology several plants of different services have been developed. Some work without the use of electricity and some with the use of power and the process of condensation being greatly intensified. Plants The plants for the production of water consist of two separate projects: The plants without the use of power and use of electricity for the intensification of condensation of water from the air. These systems provide for the production of cheap, fresh water and can be built up quickly. The payback period of these systems, according to preliminary estimates, is from 1 to 1,5 years with indefinite lives. The first system is stationary with standard modules and components is built up on a rigid, waterproof foundation used for collecting condensat. Production of water at the facilities of the first type, without the use of power, and without waste. This makes these systems ideal. The second system is modular. It is based on additional sources for lowering the temperature of the moist air, for example, chillers. The refrigerator may have additional sources of energy, including renewable energy use. Environmental security (waste products) of investments is determined by the physical effect of the production of fresh water. Compared to the other methods, these devices require three times less energy and the cost is four times lower than the cost of obtaining the same amount of fresh water than in the production of other methods. Characteristics of Industrial Design of a Fixed Plant The simplicity of the design, operation and maintenance. • Minimal use of electricity - up to 1.5 KW. • Modular design. Objects can be constructed on the base of the basic module with a capacity of 20 m3 to 1.000 m3 per day or more for the development of the project. • Environmentally friendly - No waste that could pollute the environment. • Technically sound - No moving parts, assemblies and components under pressure or high temperatures. • Maintenance, repair of the system does not require the interruption of the process. • Easy to use - Self-regulating system. • Maintenance - 2-3 people with minimum qualifications of the        plant with a capacity of 1.000 cubic meters per day. • The investment costs are below the cost of desalination plants with the same power, i.e. by 15-20% and lower operating costs by tenfold. •  Battery life of 20 years. Authors have technical methods for calculating the parameters of systems and are able to design systems with the desired performance and building.